Saturday, August 9, 2014

Eritrea: Ending the Exodus? - International Crisis Group


Nairobi/Brussels  |   8 Aug 2014

Eritrea’s youth exodus has significantly reduced the young nation’s human capital. While this has had advantages for the government – allowing the departure of those most dissatisfied and most likely to press for political change – the growing social and political impact of mass migration at home and abroad demands concerted domestic and international action.
African asylum seekers gather for a morning meeting during an overnight protest after leaving Holot open detention centre in southern Israel's Negev desert, June 28, 2014. REUTERS/Finbarr O'Reilly
“The state’s demand for the sacrifice of individual ambition to the greater good of the Eritrean nation... causes more and more Eritreans to leave the country, even if that means risking their lives”.
Cedric Barnes, Crisis Group’s Horn of Africa Project Director
Authoritarian rule, social malaise and open-ended national service drive thousands of young people to flee Eritrea every month, exposing the shortcomings of a leadership that has lost the confidence of the next generation. The International Crisis Group’s latest briefing, Eritrea: Ending the Exodus?, shows that while the government turned this flight to its advantage for a time, the scale – and attendant criminality – of the exodus are now pressing problems.
The briefing’s major findings and recommendations are:
  • As in the past, Eritreans are fleeing for political and economic reasons, including to sustain the communities they leave behind. But through their remittances, as well as a tax that many in the diaspora pay the state, they help prop up the very system they escaped.
  • Regional and wider international policies to further isolate Eritrea’s uncompromising leadership are counterproductive. Together with the border conflict with Ethiopia, they provide the regime with justification to maintain Eritrea’s “state of exception”, including an unending national service, a closed political system and the continued deferment of constitutional rights, especially individual social and economic freedoms.
  • The Eritrean government, with help from international partners, especially the EU and UN, should work toward gradual demobilisation and restructure the country’s economy to enhance job prospects for the young.
“The exodus is symptomatic of social malaise and growing disaffection with the regime” says Cedric Barnes, Horn of Africa Project Director. “The state’s demand for the sacrifice of individual ambition to the greater good of the Eritrean nation – resigning oneself to indefinite national service – causes more and more Eritreans to leave the country, even if that means risking their lives”.
“The impact of the exodus on final-destination countries demands a new approach to the current Eritrean government. In a Europe where immigration policies are increasingly in question, the Eritrean problem cannot be ignored”, says Comfort Ero, Africa Program Director. “For all sides, finding ways to end the exodus could replace continuing sterile confrontation with fertile ground for cooperation”.

1 comment:

  1. We tend to even profitably collaborated with the help of Dubois Depraz SA that may be undoubtedly one of cartier replica sale the most significant Europe organisations specialising through superior engine activity, chronographs not to mention challenges, bringing about typically the knowledge of this quality 2035 for ones chronograph Militare Crono. Using this unique synergy not to mention louis vuitton replica sale even at Anonimo needs, the career of this second chronograph element happens to be edited not to mention spun about typically the mechanical circulation. Inside a we could maintain the crown by 6, you should definitely brand 2004 Militare, not to mention progress typically the chronograph push-buttons at the hublot replica sale departed personally end of this watch for a higher insurance. This unique ingenious standing facilitates surgical procedure of this chronograph tasks on an convenient not to mention protect process with the help of basically having typically the flash maintained your body facilitates specific location of this chronograph counter tops in your unique and yet instantaneously legible an important part of omega replica sale typically the dial. Caused by a lot of our experienced economic delving getting exposed, Anonimo was basically available time towards practice an excellent delving try out aided by the I just. N. R. Versus. Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica o Vulcanologia di Roma, (I just. N. R. Versus. are probably the most prominent not to mention widely known Eu Researching School in the field of geophysical not to mention seismological experiments) together F. N. 's experienced technical scuba divers through 2001, subsequent to rolex replica uk broad trying of this Millemetri delving follow in your Asia underwater.

    ReplyDelete