Sunday, October 12, 2014

Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea



The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia was first created on 24 April 1992 to oversee the general and complete arms embargo imposed by Security Council resolution 733 (1992) and to undertake the tasks set out by the Security Council in paragraph 11 of resolution 751 (1992) and, subsequently, in paragraph 4 of resolution 1356 (2001) and paragraph 11 ofresolution 1844 (2008).
Following the adoption of resolution 1907 (2009), which imposed a sanctions regime on Eritrea (described further below) and expanded the Committee's mandate, the Committee changed its name on 26 February 2010 to “Security Council Committee pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea”. The expanded mandate of the Committee is delineated in paragraph 18 ofresolution 1907 (2009), paragraph 13 of resolution 2023 (2011) and paragraph 23 of resolution 2036 (2012).
The Security Council first imposed a general and complete arms embargo on Somalia on 23 January 1992 with the adoption of resolution 733 (1992). Subsequent resolutions elaborated, amended and introduced exemptions to arms embargo on Somalia. In resolution 2111 (2013), adopted on 24 July 2013, the Security Council consolidated the exemptions to the arms embargo on Somalia and Eritrea in one single resolution.
By resolution 2093 (2013), the Council decided to partially lift the arms embargo on Somalia for deliveries of weapons or military equipment or the provision of advice, assistance or training, intended solely for the development of the Security Forces of the Federal Government. This modification of the arms embargo on Somalia does not apply to the items listed in the annex of the resolutions for which an exemption is required (paragraph 7 of resolution 2111 (2013)).
By resolution 1844 (2008) and resolution 1907 (2009), the Security Council decided to impose individual targeted sanctions (an arms embargo, including training and financial assistance, on individuals and entities; a travel ban on individuals; and an assets freeze on individuals and entities, as designated by the Committee). Paragraphs 2 and 4 of resolution 1844 (2008) as well as paragraph 4 of resolution 1972 (2011) contain exemptions to those measures.
The Committee considers designating individuals or entities on the basis of the criteria contained in paragraph 8 of resolution 1844 (2008), paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of resolution 2002 (2011), paragraph 23 ofresolution 2036 (2012), paragraph 3 of resolution 2060 (2012), and paragraph 43 of resolution 2093 (2013). Paragraph 1 of resolution 2002 (2011) expanded the criteria for designation to include individuals and entities found to be recruiting or using children in armed conflicts in Somalia or found to be responsible for the targeting of civilians including children and women in situations of armed conflict. In paragraph 15 (e) of resolution 1907 (2009), the Security Council decided that obstructing the investigations or work of the Monitoring Group is a criterion for listing.
In paragraph 22 of resolution 2036 (2012), the Security Council imposed a ban on the direct or indirect import of charcoal from Somalia, whether or not such charcoal originated in Somalia. Furthermore, the Council decided that Somali authorities shall take the necessary measures to prevent the export of charcoal from Somalia.
The Somalia sanctions regime is summarized in the table below.
MeasureDescription (unofficial)Exceptions to the measure 
Arms Embargo (territorial)All Member States shall immediately implement a general and complete arms embargo on all deliveries of weapons and military equipment to Somalia until the Council decides otherwise.Set out in paragraphs 6, 7, 10 and 11 of resolution 2111 (2013).
Arms Embargo (Targeted ban on arms transfers to individuals and entities)

Consolidated List
All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply of weapons, military equipment, technical assistance, training, financial and other assistance, related to military activities, or to the supply of arms, to the individuals or entities designated by the Committee. None.
Travel Ban

Consolidated List
All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals designated by the Committee.Set out in paragraph 2 of resolution 1844 (2008).
Assets Freeze

Consolidated List
All Member States shall freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and economic resources owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by individuals and entities designated by the Committee.Set out in paragraph 4 of resolution 1844 (2008) as well as paragraph 4 of resolution 1972 (2011).
Charcoal BanAll Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect import of charcoal from Somalia, whether or not such charcoal originated in Somalia. Somali authorities shall take the necessary measures to prevent the export of charcoal from Somalia.None
On 23 December 2009 the Security Council adopted resolution 1907 (2009) by which it imposed a two-way (import and export) arms embargo on Eritrea as well as targeted sanctions (an arms embargo, a travel ban and an asset freeze) on individuals and entities designated by the Committee pursuant to paragraph 15 of the same resolution. Exemptions to the arms embargo were introduced by the Council in paragraphs 11 and 12 of resolution 2060 (2012) and have been consolidated in resolution 2111 (2013). Paragraphs 11 and 14 of resolution 1907 (2009) provide for exemptions to the travel ban and assets freeze, respectively.
Resolution 2023 (2011) expands the restrictive measures regarding Eritrea in the area of “Diaspora taxes”, the Eritrean mining sector and financial services.
The Eritrea sanctions regime is summarized in the table below.
MeasureDescription (unofficial)Exceptions to the measure 
Two-way Arms Embargo (territorial)All Member States shall take measures to prevent the sale or supply to Eritrea of arms and related materiel of all types as well as technical assistance, training, financial and other assistance related to military activities or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of these items.

Eritrea shall not supply, sell or transfer directly or indirectly from its territory or by its nationals any arms or related material.
Set out in paragraphs 12 and 13 of resolution 2111 (2013).
Arms Embargo (targeted ban on arms transfers to individuals and entities)All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply of arms and related materiel of all types as well as technical assistance or training, financial and other assistance related to military activities to the individuals or entities designated by the Committee.None.
Travel BanAll Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals designated by the Committee.Set out in paragraph 11 of resolution 1907 (2009).
Assets FreezeAll Member States shall freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and economic resources owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by individuals and entities designated by the Committee.Set out in paragraph 14 of resolution 1907 (2009).
On 22 July 2002, a Panel of Experts on Somalia was established with the adoption of resolution 1425 (2002) to generate information on violations of the arms embargo with a view toward strengthening it. The Panel of Experts was succeeded by the Monitoring Group on Somalia established pursuant to resolution 1519 (2003) to focus on the ongoing arms embargo violations. Subsequent resolutions extended and expanded the mandate of the Monitoring Group. After the adoption of resolution 1907 (2009) the Monitoring Group changed its name to Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. The mandate of the Monitoring Group currently in existence was extended until 25 November 2014 by resolution 2111 (2013). Its mandate is delineated in paragraph 13 of resolution 2060 (2012), paragraph 41 of resolution 2093 (2013), and paragraph 19 of resolution 2111 (2013). View available reports of the Panel of Experts and the Monitoring Group.
The current Chair of the Committee, for the period ending 31 December 2014, is His Excellency Mr. Oh Joon (Republic of Korea). The two Vice-Chairs for 2014 are Chad and Jordan. (S/2014/2)
The Committee prepares annual reports of its activities. The Committee has guidelines for the conduct of its work. Formal and informal meetings of the Committee are announced in the Journal of the United Nations.

More Information

PRESS RELEASES CONCERNING THE SECURITY COUNCIL COMMITTEE PURSUANT TO RESOLUTIONS 751 (1992) AND 1907 (2009) CONCERNING SOMALIA AND ERITREA

SC/1157924 September 2014Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adds Ahmed Diriye to 1844 Sanctions List
SC/1157423 September 2014Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adds Maalim Salman to 1844 Sanctions List
SC/113847 May 2014Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea approves implementation assistance notice on charcoal from Somalia
SC/1133826 March 2014Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea revises its Guidelines
SC/1131312 March 2014Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea deletes Ali Ahmed Nur Jim'ale from its Sanctions List
SC/1121313 December 2013Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea revises its Guidelines
SC/1109009 August 2013Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea deeply concerned by continuing trade in Somali charcoal
SC/1102031 May 2013Security Council 751 and 1907 Committee on Somalia and Eritrea revises its Guidelines
SC/1074824 August 2012Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adds Abubaker Shariff Ahmed to List of Individuals and Entities
SC/1072825 July 2012Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adds Aboud Rogo Mohammed to List of Individuals and Entities
SC/1070511 July 2012Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea amends one entry on List of Individuals and Entities
SC/1068526 June 2012Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea amends one entry on List of Individuals and Entities
SC/1054517 February 2012Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adds one individual to List of Individuals and Entities
SC/1035029 July 2011Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adds two individuals to List of Individuals and Entities
SC/1004027 September 2010Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea issues updated list of individuals and entities
SC/990412 April 2010Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea issues list of individuals identified pursuant to paragraph 8 of resolution 1844 (2008)
SC/98981 April 2010Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea adopts revised guidelines for the conduct of its work taking account of the provisions contained in resolution 1907 (2009)
SC/981311 December 2009Security Council Committee on Somalia deplores intimidation, interference with work of Monitoring Group
SC/979016 November 2009Security Council reviews and reaffirms the measures set out in paragraphs 1, 3 and 7 of resolution 1844 concerning an assets freeze and travel ban on individuals and entities, as designated by the Committee.
SC/966013 May 2009Security Council Committee on Somalia approves consolidated, revised guidelines for conduct of its work
SC/866215 March 2006Security Council reaffirms commitment to comprehensive Somalia settlement; welcomes 'Aden Declaration', first session of transitional Parliament
BIO/370718 October 2005New Permanent Representative of Somalia presents credentials
SC/852314 October 2005Security Council condemns increase in flow of weapons to Somalia, re-establishes group monitoring arms embargo for six months; Resolution 1630 (2005) adopted unanimously; report says upswing in embargo violations 'sustained and dramatic'
SC/844914 July 2005Security Council urges Somali transitional institutions to immediately conclude national security, stabilization plan, including ceasefire; Presidential Statement Calls for Maximum Restraint by Somali Leaders; Says No Lasting Progress Possible if Arms Flow across Border Unchecked
SC/833715 March 2005Security Council re-establishes Group Monitoring Somalia Arms Embargo for further six months, unanimously adopting resolution 1587 (2005); Report says recent arms shipments strengthened military capacity of elements intending violent opposition to Transitional Government
SC/82825 January 2005Chairpersons, Vice-chairpersons of Security Council subsidiary bodies elected for 2005
SC/822526 October 2004Security Council, in Presidential Statement, says enhanced UN role in Somalia must be incremental, based on discussions with new Government
SC/816917 August 2004Security Council requests re-establishment of Group Monitoring Somalia Arms Embargo for further six months, resolution 1558 (2004) adopted unanimously
SC/800725 February 2004Security Council reitrates firm support for Somali reconciliation process, welcomes declaration signed in Nairobi as 'important step' towards peace
SC/796322 December 2003Security Council briefed by Chairs of Committees, Working Group on effectiveness of sanctions
SC/795716 December 2003Security Council requests establishment of Monitoring Group to investigate violations of arms embargo on Somalia
SC/79413 December 2003Press Statement on Somalia by the President of the Security Council on the Report of the Panel of Experts
SC/79402 December 2003Somalia Sanctions Committee discusses findings of November Mission
SC/790322 October 2003Somalia Sanctions Committee to visit region on implementation arms embargo
SC/781616 July 2003Press Statement on Somalia by the President of the Security Council
SC/772814 April 2003Press Statement on Somalia by the President of the Security Council on the briefing of the Chairman of the Committee on the presentation of the Panel's report
SC/73883 May 2002Security Council asks the Secretary-General to establish a team to assess requirements of Expert Panel to investigate violations of arms embargo on Somalia
SC/71163 August 2001Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) on Somalia approves amendments to new consolidated guidelines for conduct of its work
SC/707919 June 2001Council exempts non-lethal military equipment from embargo on weapons deliveries to Somalia
SC/69845 January 2001Chairpersons and Vice-Chairpersons of the Security Council Sanctions Committees elected for 2001
SG/SM/751828 August 2000Secretary-General, in message to inauguration ceremony of President of Somalia, calls event milestone in Somalia efforts to rejoin community of nations
SC/682313 March 2000Security Council Committee concerning Somalia appeals for assistance in enforcing arms embargo
SC/678618 January 2000Chairpersons and Vice-Chairpersons of Security Council sanctions committees elected for 2000
BIO/326813 January 2000New permanent representative of Tunisia presents credentials
SC/677822 December 1999Committee established by Council resolution 751 (1992) on Somalia meets to exchange ideas for enhancing effectiveness of arms embargo
SC/64636 January 1998Security Council sanctions committees elects officers for 1998
SC/632727 February 1997Security Council calls for halt to hostilities in Somalia, cooperation with regional peace initiatives
SC/63107 January 1997Security Council sanctions committees elect officers for 1997
SC/619415 March 1996Somalia has not been abandoned by international community, say speakers in Security Council
SC/616124 January 1996Security Council calls on Somali political leaders to return to inclusive negotiation
SC/61564 January 1996Security Council sanctions committees elect officers for 1996

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